Scientific Name: – Cichorium endivia
Endive, Cichorium endivia, is a leaf vegetable belonging to the daisy family. Endive can be cooked or used raw in salads. Endive is rich in many vitamins and minerals, especially in folate and vitamins A and K, and is high in fiber. There are two main varieties of cultivated C. endivia endive: (1) Curly endive, or frisí©e (var crispum). This type has narrow, green, curly outer leaves. It is sometimes called chicory in the United States and is called chicorí©e frisí©e in French. Further confusion results from the fact that frisí©e also refers to greens lightly wilted with oil. (2) Escarole, or broad-leaved endive (var latifolia), has broad, pale green leaves and is less bitter than the other varieties. Varieties or names include broad-leaved endive, Bavarian endive, Batavian endive, grumolo, scarola, and scarole. It is eaten like other greens, sauteed, chopped into soups and stews, or as part of a green salad (Wikipedia).